Results or Consequence-Based Theories (“Teleological”)

Consequence-oriented theories are sometimes called teleological, from the Greek word “telos”, meaning “end” or “purpose.”

A business decision is judged as ethical or unethical depending on the outcome, so if the foreseeable consequences of a decision are positive, then the decision is deemed ethical.

The major category of theory that falls within the consequences approach is utilitarianism.

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