Langenderfer and Rockness’s seven stage framework (1990)
1 What are the facts of the case?
2 What are the ethical issues in the case?
3 What are the norms, principles and values related to the case?
4 What are the alternative courses of action?
5 What is the best course of action that is consistent with the norms, principles and values identified in 3?
6 What are the consequences of each possible course of action?
7 What is the decision?